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Geography Books PDF
Applied Geography: A World Perspective makes geography’s utility as an applied science explicit. It has been argued that geographic applications in corporations, government agencies and non-governmental organizations “just happen.” Many geographers, however, are less trusting.
Geography’s position as an academic discipline has been challenged frequently over the years. Further, geographic approaches have often been adopted by those with little or no formal training in geography per se. The authors who have contributed to this book feel that there is real value to having a strong and readily recognizable discipline of geography.
We want geography to get full credit for its contributions to policy and practice and we want graduates of our university-based programs to get full consideration when they apply for positions in industry, government, and NGOs. (Geography Books PDF)
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The book is organized around three main themes: “History and Epistemological Foundations” of applied geography; “A World Perspective” on the practice of applied geography in different regions; and finally “Case Studies” which show how applied geography can contribute to problem-solving in different institutional environments.
History and epistemological foundations have seven of the book’s 15 papers. The first paper by Antoine Bailly and Lay Gibson sets the tone. The authors build the case for an aggressive and proactive approach for establishing geography as a vital problem-solving discipline and for making applied geography an explicit part of the geography curriculum.
Geography Books PDF
Michael Pacione deals with the Principles and Practices of Applied Geography and more specifically the ways that the worlds of practice and theory intersect. His chapter is organized into nine main sections. These address the definition of applied geography; the concept of useful knowledge; the relationship between pure and applied research; the value of applied geography; the question of values in applied geography; types of applied geographical research; the practice of applied geography;
the history of applied geography; and the prospects for applied geography. The paper by Michel Phlipponneau favors “French geography;” nevertheless it complements Pacione’s paper nicely. Whereas the latter paper is especially good at qualifying and positioning the special role of applied geography in the contemporary world,
Phlipponneau’s paper digs deep into the history of applied work including geography and early explorations, the roles of geographical societies in heightening awareness of geography, and involvement by geographers in surveying and mapping. A special treat is his frequent mentions of the International Geographical Union,
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its growth and development, and the place of applied work in the IGU’s agenda. The paper by Kingsley Haynes et al. (Political Geography, Public Policy and the Rise of Policy Analysis) also complements the Pacione paper and Phlipponeau’s paper too in that it looks at trends in academic geography and its influence on applied geography. But there is a major difference, Pacione focuses on geography broadly defined whereas Haynes focuses on political geography and public policy.
He begins with a brief review of the literature on political geography and the categorization of scale issues. He then moves onto two simple but extremely appropriate applied case studies which show how geographic factors affect public policy analysis and how applied public policy studies can be carried out with sensitivity to geographic considerations.
The two case studies are regional income convergence and the rise of regional transportation management institutions. The paper by Arthur Getis represents a change in direction – to technology-driven applied geography. He points out that powerful new technologies have emerged that greatly improve our ability to collect, store, manage, view,
analyze, and utilize information regarding the critical issues of our time. These technologies include geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), satellite-based remote sensing, and a great variety of remarkable software that allows for the analysis of the compelling problems. The issues include globalization, global warming, pollution, security, crime, public health, transportation, energy supplies, and population growth.
Geography Books PDF
Geographic Information Science (GISc) is more than just GIS and it has given rise to an essentially multidisciplinary approach to applied problems. No single person is an expert in all of these areas. It is necessary to emphasize coordination and collaboration and to find bridges that reduce barriers between disciplines.
Whereas Getis featured a technique, Lay Gibson focuses on a concept – economic base theory. Gibson’s paper deals explicitly with the ways that economic base theory can contribute to practical understandings of value to regional planning and development professionals who need to better understand how regions work and how they might work even better.
The base theory is often employed as a research tool on the promise that it can produce a multiplier. But it can do much more if the practitioner thinks to ask or if the applied geographer bothers to offer. This article identifies seven economic development problems commonly faced by development practitioners and regional planners and illustrates how solutions can be drawn from the application of economic base theory.