Analogy Verbal Reasoning Best Book 2020 Free Download

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Analogy Verbal Reasoning

basically means ‘‘resemblance of one object to another in certain aspects.’’
The aim of analogy is to test the candidate’s ability to discover the relationship
between the question pair and then to find the required pair of words which is most
similar to that relationship.
Different types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows
● Analogous Pair Completion ● Analogous Pair Selection
● Direct or Simple Analogy ● Double Analogy
● Similar Word Selection ● Analogy Detection
● Multiple Word Analogy ● Letter Based Analogy
● Number Based Analogy
In this chapter, a question consists of words related to each other based on some logic and it is
required to find a word/pair of words analogous to those given in the question
To solve these questions, following two simple steps are to be followed
Step I The candidate is required to identify the relationship between the pair of numbers/letters/
words given.
Step II Find out the other pair such that the relationship between the third and the fourth
numbers/letters/words is similar to the relationship that exists between the first and
second numbers/letters/words.
Now, it is clear that analogy is established, when the two pairs on both the sides of the sign (::) bear
the same relationship.
This analogical relationship can be established in two ways as follows
1. Basic Relation Basic relation is as follows

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Here, the relation of 3 to 4 or 4 to 3 is the same as the relation of 1 to 2 or 2 to 1.
2. Advanced Relation Advanced relation is as follows
2:1 :: 4:3

1

2:1 :: 4:3

Here, the relation of 2 to 4 or 4 to 2 is the same as the relation of 1 to 3 or 3 to 1. To have more clearty about analogical
relationship, let us consider the example given below

Now, just think over (i) and (ii). What relationship can you establish between these two?
If you go for a deeper analysis, you will find the following
(i) Doctor : Hospital
A ‘doctor’ works in a ‘hospital’. It means ‘hospital’ is a working place for a ‘doctor’.
Hence, Doctor : Hospital has worker and working place relationship.
(ii) Teacher : School
A ‘teacher’ works in a ‘school’. It means ‘school’ is the working place for a ‘teacher’.
Hence, Teacher : School has worker and working place relationship.

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Clearly, it is observed that in both the cases (i) and (ii), the relationship is similar, i.e., worker and working place
relationship. Therefore, we can say that these two are analogical pairs.
Sometimes, these analogical relationships can be established as given below

Here, ‘Doctor’ is related to ‘Hospital’ in the same way as ‘Teacher’ is related to ‘School’
(i) [Doctor : Hospital] and (ii) [Teacher : School] are actually different from each other but they are logically similar.
These analogous relationships can be of several types depending upon the kind of relationship between the two objects of
a pair.
Some most common types of analogous relationships are as follows
Synonymous Relationship
This type of relationship is established between the two
words, when they convey the same meaning.
e.g., Abandon : Leave
‘Abandon’ means almost the same as ‘Leave’. Hence,
‘Abandon’ is a synonym of ‘Leave’.
Some more examples are given below
Dwelling : Abode Vacant : Empty
Ban : Prohibition House : Home
Idea : Notion Contact : Meet
Endless : Eternal Escape : Abscond
Kind : Benevolent Enormous : Huge
Synthetic : Artificial Encumber : Burden
Substitute : Replace Dissipate : Squander
Fallacy : Illusion Flaw : Defect
Assign : Allot Dearth : Scarcity
Fierce : Violent Mend : Repair
Brim : Edge Sedate : Calm
Abduct : Kidnap

Antonymous Relationship
This type of relationship is established between the two
words, when they are opposite in meaning.
e.g., Kind : Cruel
‘Kind’ means the opposite of ‘Cruel’. Hence, ‘Kind’ and ‘Cruel’
have antonymous relationship.
Some more examples are given below
Meet : Avoid Never : Always
Scarcity : Abundance Weak : Robust
Deep : Shallow Advance : Retreat

Cordial : Hostile Slim : Bulky
Chaos : Peace Affirm : Deny
Gradual : Abrupt Stale : Fresh
Final : Initial Create : Destroy
Notice : Ignore Rejoice : Mourn
Harsh : Gentle Blunt : Sharp
Lethargy : Alertness Kindle : Extinguish
Expand : Condense

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